【高中读物精讲】英汉双语版《呼啸山庄》第四章节选 - 小初高学科网在线教育

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【高中读物精讲】英汉双语版《呼啸山庄》第四章节选

小初高学科网 2020-06-11 AM 121℃ 0条
梯方在线教育

4 Catherine Earnshaw gets to know the Lintons
4 凯瑟琳·欧肖认识了林顿一家

解析:get to know 了解、认识,是动词短语
eg:I got to know her in an accident.
我在一次意外事故中认识了她。

1775 Hindley came home for his father's burial.What was more surprising was that he brought a wife with him.She was called Frances,a thin,pale woman with a frequent cough.Now that Hindley was the master of the house,he ordered Joseph and me to spend our evenings in the small back-kitchen,as we were only servants,while he,his wife and Catherine sat in the main room.Catherine and Heathcliff were treated very differently.Catherine received presents,and could continue her lessons,but Heathcliff was made to work on the farm with the men,and,as a farm worker,was only allowed to eat with us in the back kitchen.They grew up like two wild animals.Hindley did not care what they did,as long as they kept out of his way,and they did not care even if he punished them.They often ran away on to the moors in the morning and stayed out all day,just to make Hindley angry.I was the only one who cared what happened to the two poor creatures,and I was afraid for them.
1775年 亨德雷回家参加他父亲的葬礼。更令人惊奇的是他带回来个妻子。她叫弗朗西丝,是个瘦瘦的白白的女人,咳嗽个不停。这会儿亨德雷成了这宅子的主人,他责令约瑟夫和我晚上呆在后面的小厨房里,因为我们是下人,而他、他妻子和凯瑟琳则坐在正屋里。凯瑟琳和希斯克利夫的境遇大不相同。凯瑟琳收到了礼物,可以继续学习,但希斯克利夫被遣去与男人们一起在农庄干活,一个干农活的,只能被允许和我们在后面厨房里一起吃饭。他们俩像两个小野人似地长大了,亨德雷对他们的所作所为不闻不问,只要他们别碍着他的事;而他们就算被亨德雷惩罚也不吃他那一套。他们常常一大早就跑到荒原上,一整天都呆在外面,就是为了气气亨德雷。只有我才关心这两个可怜的小东西,替他们担惊受怕。

解析:burial 可以作名词表示葬礼、埋葬,也可作形容词表示埋葬的
eg:Claus met his ex-wife in his friend's burial.
克劳斯在其朋友的葬礼上遇到了他的前妻。

One Sunday evening they were missing at bedtime,and Hindley ordered me angrily to lock the front door.But I did not want them to stay out in the cold all night,so I kept my window open to look out for them.In a while I saw Heathcliff walking through the gate.I was shocked to see him alone.
一个星斯天的晚上,该睡觉的时候还没见他们人影,亨德雷怒冲冲地命令我锁上前门。但我不想他们大冷天整夜呆在外头,所以我就没关我的窗户,留意着他们。过了一会儿,我看到希斯克利夫走进了大门。见到只有他一个人,我大吃一惊。

‘Where's Catherine?’I cried sharply.
“凯瑟琳哪儿去了?”我尖声叫道。

‘At Thrushcross Grange,with our neighbours the Lintons,’he replied.‘Let me in,Ellen,and I'll explain what happened.’I went down to unlock the door,and we came upstairs very quietly.
“在画眉山庄,在我们的邻居林顿家,”他回答。“让我进去,艾伦,我会跟你解释是怎么回事。”我下去开了门,我们一声不响地走上楼。

‘Don't wake the master up!’I whispered.‘Now tell me!’
“别吵醒了主人!”我小声说。“现在说吧!”

‘Well,Catherine and I thought we’d just walk to the Lintons’house.We wanted to see if Isabella and Edgar Linton are punished all the time by their parents,as we are.’
“呃,凯瑟琳和我本打算走到林顿家,我们想看看伊莎贝拉和艾加·林顿是不是也像我们这样天天受他们父母的罚。”

‘Probably not,’I answered.‘I expect they are good children and don't need to be punished.’
“八成不会,”我答道。“我想他们都是好孩子,没必要惩罚。”

‘Nonsense,Ellen!Guess what we saw when we looked in at their sitting room window?A very pretty room,with soft carpets and white walls.Catherine and I would love to have a room like that!But in the middle of this beautiful room,Isabella and Edgar Linton were screaming and fighting over a little dog!How stupid they are,Ellen!If Catherine wanted something,I would give it to her,and she would do the same for me.I would rather be here at Wuthering Heights with her,even if I'm punished by Joseph and that wicked Hindley,that at Thrushcross Grange with those two fools!’
“不是那么回事儿,艾伦!猜猜我们从他们起居室的窗子望进去时看到了什么?那是一个很漂亮的房间,铺着软软的地毯,四壁洁白。凯瑟琳和我要是有那么一间该多好!但就在这漂亮房间的中间,伊莎贝拉和艾加·林顿正围着一条小狗又吵又闹!他们多傻啊,艾伦!如果凯瑟琳想要什么东西,我就会给她,她对我也一样。就算约瑟夫和那个坏亨德雷惩罚我,我也宁愿跟凯瑟琳在呼啸山庄,而不愿在画眉山庄与那两个傻瓜在一起!”

解析:nonsense 胡说、乱说;荒谬的
sense 有合理,明智的意思,再在sense的前面加上non-,就表示不合理、胡说、荒谬的意思。
eg: “Nonsense!”said the teacher angrily.
“胡说!”老师生气地说。
would rather 宁愿,宁可,也可在其后加上than,构成would rather……than 表示宁愿……也不……、与其……不如……
eg:I would rather go to a movie than stay here.
我宁愿去看电影也不想在这待着。

‘Not so loud,Heathcliff!But you still haven't told me why Catherine isn't with you?’
“小声点儿,希斯克利夫!但你还没告诉我凯瑟琳为什么没和你在一起?”

‘Well,as we were looking in,we started laughing at them so loudly that they heard us,and sent the dogs after us.We were about to run away,when a great fierce dog caught Catherine's leg in its teeth.I attacked it,and made it let go of her leg,but the Lintons' servants appeared and caught hold of me. They must have thought we were robbers.Catherine was carried unconscious into the house,and they pulled me inside too.All the time I was shouting and swearing at them.
“呃,我们往里看的时候开始笑出声来,声音太大被听见了,他们就放狗追我们。就在我们要跑开的当儿,一条凶猛的大狗咬住了凯瑟琳的腿。我打了狗,让它放开她的腿,但林顿家的仆人出来抓住了我。他们肯定是把我们当贼了。凯瑟琳人事不醒,被抬进了房里,他们把我也拽了进去。我一直在不停地大叫大骂他们。

解析:about to do 刚要、即将、正准备做某事
eg:When we were about to leave the office, our teacher came in.
就在我们正准备离开办公室的时候,老师进来了。 

‘“What a wicked pair of thieves!”said old Mr Linton.“The boy must be a gipsy,he's as dark as the devil!”Mrs Linton raised her hands in horror at the sight of me.Catherine opened her eyes,and Edgar looked closely at her.
‘“这两个小恶贼!”老林顿夫人说。“这小子一定是个吉卜赛人,看他黑得像鬼一样!”林顿夫人一看到我,双手惊恐地举了起来。凯瑟琳睁开眼,艾加紧盯着她。

‘“Mother,”he whispered,“the young lady is Miss Earn-shaw,of Wuthering Heights. I've seen her in church occasionally.And look what our dog has done to her leg!It's bleeding badly!”
‘“妈妈,”他低声说,“这小姑娘是呼啸山庄的欧肖小姐。我在教堂碰见过她一两次。看我们的狗把她腿咬的!出了这么多血!”

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