【适合背诵的双语文章】不同类型的音乐家 - 小初高学科网在线教育

想要补习的朋友想必都知道,如今的英语培训教学模式主要分为线上补习和线下补习两种。经过我的仔细对比和研究,我觉得线上补习一对一的这种教学模式更值得大家选择,这种教学模式的好处就在于随时随地都能学习,方便快捷,能自主规划学习时间;补习一对一辅导,能够塑造良好的学习环境;而且针对性强,可以针对薄弱环境进行针对性辅导,效果看得见。

而目前口碑最好,性价比最高的线上补习机构当属 “梯方在线” 了。梯方在线是由复旦大学校友联合创办的在线补习机构,以超高的性价比和良好的口碑,颇受大家的喜爱,在网上的名气也是很大。最关键的是他们那的价格收费平均一节课才 20 块钱左右,可以天天上课,高频学习,真正做到了天天在家留学,记忆更深刻,适合长期报名学习,扎实提高学习水平!。

当初我也报的梯方在线,现在学的蛮不错的,这里分享一节梯方在线基于上海教材编写的24节免费试听课程:http://school.tifangedu.com/

1、花同样的钱在梯方在线可以每天都上一节课,在别的机构一周一节课,而且老师不好约, 孩子学了容易忘,梯方在线每天都可以学习,效果更好。

2、梯方在线下属梯方在线、梯方读书会、X-school 青少年领袖素质情商学院以及家庭教育工作坊四大事业部,凭借其过硬的师资团队及严谨的治学态度,在过去六年的时间内,已累计培训学员近 80000 人次,学员在中高考、自主招生、小升初,及各类竞赛中取得了优异的成绩。

3、孩子在别的机构学了一年多,效果到底怎样也不知道,梯方在线小班时时互动,师生沟通 0 距离,上课过程全纪录,重点难点反复看.7x24 小时答题疑惑,考点时时解决!分层小班教学,真正做到因材施教!

少儿补习:http://school.tifangedu.com/shaoer【中小学补习班】

青少年补习:http://school.tifangedu.com/gaozhong【高中补习班】

沪教多年骨干教师,专研上海考试政策;无缝对接培优班课,清晰规划学习生涯;实时回看高效复习,父母实时旁听看课;量身定制学习方案,打造智慧高效课堂

【适合背诵的双语文章】不同类型的音乐家

小初高学科网 2020-06-05 PM 121℃ 0条
梯方在线教育

Different Types of Composers不同类型的音乐家

I can see three different types of composers in musical history, each of whom creates music in a somewhat different fashion. 我发现音乐史上有三种不同类型的作曲家,他们各自创作的方式有不同。

The type that has fired public imagination most is that of the spontaneously inspired composer - the Franz Schubert type, in other words. All composers are inspired, of course, but this type is more spontaneously inspired. Music simply wells out of him. He can't get it down on paper fast enough. You can almost tell this type of composer by his fruitful output. In certain months, Schubert wrote a song a day. Hugo Wolf did the same. 最能激发公众想象力的是自发式灵感型即弗朗兹·舒伯特型。当然所有的作曲家都需要灵感,但这一类型的更具自发的灵感,音乐简直就是喷涌而出,多得来不及记录,通过他们多产的作品你几乎可以一下就认出他们。有几个月舒伯特几乎每天谱成一曲,伍尔夫·雨果也是如此。

In a sense, men of this kind begin not so much with a musical theme as with a completed composition. They invariably work best in the shorter forms. It is much easier to improvise a song than it is to improvise a symphony. It isn't easy to be inspired in that spontaneous way for long periods at a stretch. Even Schubert was more successful in handling the shorter forms of music. The spontaneously inspired man is only one type of composer, with this own limitations. 从一定意义上说,这类作曲家不是从一个主题开始而是从一部完整的作品一气呵成。他们总是擅长短形式的作品。即兴创作一支歌曲比即兴创作一部交响曲要简单得多。要长时间连续不断地获得自发的灵感不容易,就是舒伯特也是短形式的音乐方面更为成功。自发式灵感型人只是作曲家的一种,他有他自己的局限。

Beethoven belongs to the second type - the constructive type, one might call it. This type serves as an example of my theory of the creative process in music better than any other, because in this case the composer really does begin with a musical theme. In Beethoven's case there is no doubt about it, for we have the notebooks in which he put the themes down. We can see from his notebooks how he worked over his themes - how he would not let them be until they were as perfect as he could make them. Beethoven was not a spontaneously inspired composer in the Schubert sense at all. He was the type that begins with a theme; makes it a preliminary idea; and upon that composes a musical work, day after day, in painstaking fashion. Most composers since Beethoven's day belong to this second type. 贝多芬属于第二类--可以称之为建设型。和其他类型相比,这类作曲家更适合我的音乐创作过程理论的例证,因为对这类作曲家来说,他们的确是从音乐主题开始创作的。以贝多芬为例这一点毋庸质疑,因为我们有他记下音乐主题的笔记本。我们可以从他的笔记本看出他是如何在主题上下功夫的--曲不完美誓不休。从舒伯特的意义上说,贝多芬绝对不是灵感自发型的作曲家。他是那类从主题开始、形成初步的构思再日复一日辛勤地创作一部作品的作曲家。从贝多芬开始,许多的作曲家都属于这第二类。

The third type of composer I can only call, for lack of a better name, the traditionalist type. Men like Palestrina and Bach belong in this category. They both are characteristic of the kind of composer who is born in a particular period of musical history, when a certain musical style is about to reach its fullest development. It is a question at such a time of creating music in a well-known and accepted style and doing it in a way that is better than anyone has done it before you. The traditionalist type of composer begins with a pattern rather than with a theme. The creative act with Palestrina is not the thematic conception so much as the personal treatment of a well-established pattern. And even Bach, who composed forty-eight of the most various and inspired themes in his Well Tempered Clavichord, knew in advance the general formal mold that they were to fill. It goes without saying that we are not living in a traditionalist period nowadays. 由于找不到更合适的称呼,第三类作曲家姑且称他们为传统类。帕勒斯提那的创作活动与其说是主题概念不如说是对既定模式的个性化处理。即使创作了48首主题各异充满灵感的《平均律钢琴曲集》的巴赫也知道他们将遵循的一般模式。不用说今天我们不是生活在一个传统时期。(本段只翻译大意。)

One might add, for the sake of completeness, a fourth type of composer - the pioneer type: men like Gesualdo in the seventeenth century, Moussorgsky and Berlioz in the nineteenth, Debussy and Edgar Varese in the twentieth. It is difficult to summarize the composing methods of so diversified a group. One can safely say that their approach to composition is the opposite of the traditionalist type. They clearly oppose conventional solutions of musical problems. In many ways, their attitude is experimental - they seek to add new harmonies, new sonorities, new formal principles. The pioneer type was the characteristic one at the turn of the seventeenth century and also at the beginning of the twentieth century, but it is much less evident today.为完整起见也许还应加上第四种作曲家--先锋型,诸如17世纪的杰苏尔多、19世纪的穆索尔斯基和柏辽兹,以及20世纪的德彪西和瓦雷兹。这样一类作曲家如此多样化的创作手法难以概括,但可以肯定的一点是他们的作曲方法与传统型针锋相对。他们鲜明地反对音乐问题的通行解决办法。许多方面他们的态度是试验的--寻求添加新的融合、新的音效、新的创作形式。先锋型在17世纪末和20世纪初期很具代表性,但是如今其特征已不太明显。

本文内容综合来源网络,本网编辑,如有侵权,请及时联系删除。